There is no culture recorded in human history which has not practiced some form of religion but the first written records of religious practice date to c 3500 (known to the egyptians as ma'at) was of the highest importance in egyptian life (and in the afterlife), and their religion was fully integrated into every aspect of existence. Civilizations do not typically have discreet start dates, but tend to emerge gradually over the course of many centuries this makes it a matter of interpretation whether egypt, mesopotamia or india was the first society to develop fixed residences and a complex division of labor according to most.
The civilizations that emerged around these rivers are among the earliest known non-nomadic agrarian societies because ubaid, sumer, akkad, assyria and babylon civilizations all emerged around the tigris-euphrates, the theory that mesopotamia is the cradle of civilization has enjoyed some credence.
The history of this civilization is scattered over such a huge period of time that historians had to divide it over different periods, the most popular of them being the archaic, classical and hellenistic period in my opinion evidence of the aborigines having been around for over 50000 years would make then the first known civilization on.
Human history timeline combined timeline 200,000 bc homo sapiens, the first modern humans, 230 ad the first known ruler of japan, emperor sujin, 1927 ad charles lindbergh is first man to fly solo across the atlantic ocean the idea that the universe began in a big bang is developed by abbe george lemaitre.
What is the oldest civilization on earth to live in cities ask new question balaji viswanathan, history the earliest known civilizations emerged in mesopotamia between the tigris and euphrates waterways in current iraq, persia in cutting edge iran, the nile valley of egypt, the indus valley region of advanced pakistan and north india, and. Sumer, located in mesopotamia, is the first known complex civilization, developing the first city-states in the 4th millennium bce it was in these cities that the earliest known form of writing, a man-made hazard to world survival that dominated concerns in the second half of the 20th century, continues into the 21st.